1. How does tanning work?
    Tanning beds use ultraviolet (UV) light to tan people. There are three types of UV; UVA, UVB, and UVC. Tanning beds are designed to concentrate optimal
    levels of UVA in conjunction with very low percentages of UVB, on the outermost layers of skin so as to stimulate the production of Melanin pigment, which is
    slightly pink in it’s dormant state, and cause it to turn brown after excretion. The more melanin cells that are present in the skin determine the amount of
    pigment that will be excreted and distributed, and therefore the extent of the tan. Tanning beds are designed to filter the UVC, as this is a harmful type of UV.

2. How deep can tanning rays really go?
    There is an urban legend about a “Roasted Tanner” who supposedly roasted her internal organs by tanning too much. Don’t give it a second thought. A UVA
    ray (the rays in tanning beds) can only travel as deep as the dermis, which is the middle skin layer. UVB can’t even travel that deep.

3. Why is it important to develop a base tan, and how do I get a base tan?
    Moderate exposure to UVB helps develop a natural barrier in the skin to protect the body from excessive UV light. UVB stimulates the production of melanin,
    which then surrounds the core of cells to protect DNA. This melanin substance absorbs and/or scatters radiation. In addition to the UVB thickening the
    epidermis (the top layer of skin), thereby limiting the amount of UV light, which could penetrate the lower skin layers. If this photo protection (base tan) is not
    developed or a sunscreen is not used, sunburn can occur and the DNA of the skin cells may become damaged. Repeated sunburn can result in damaged
    cells, which then reproduce themselves. This can be the beginning of skin cancer.  The best way to achieve a base tan would be three to four visits a week
    for the first two to three weeks and then two to three weeks for the next two to three weeks.  To get more than a base tan, keep your tanning visits at three to
    four times a week until you reach your goal.  To maintain your tan once you've achieved your idea of your perfect tan, we suggest tanning at least once every
    week or every two weeks.  

4.  How often am I allowed to tan?
    It is suggested a 24-hour time period to pass between tanning sessions. Pigmentation and/or over-exposure may not be fully visible for 12 to 24 hours after
    your original session. Two tanning sessions within a 24 hour period could result in an unintentional burn. Ask your salon for any specific requirements.

5. How long does it take to get a tan?
    This depends upon the skin type of each individual as well as the tanning equipment they are using to develop their tan. While some may notice significant
    results in just a few sessions, it can take others several weeks of tanning three times a week to get their  “base tan”.  Output of the tanning equipment and the
    tanning lamps is also a factor.

6. Do I have to sunburn first to obtain a good tan?
    Like most activities in life, indoor and outdoor tanning must be done in moderation. A beautiful tan is achievable without overexposure. Reddening is a body’s
    warning that the skin has been overexposed to ultraviolet light. Do not ignore this warning.  If you continue to expose red skin to ultraviolet rays, the skin’s
    natural repair mechanism becomes overloaded. This may lead to chronic light-induced skin damage in which the resilient fibers of the lower skin layers are
    harmed, causing them to sag.

7.  Does heat matter?
    No, the temperature of the tanning unit does not play a roll in you tanning results. You will not receive a better tan if it is scorching hot or average to the
    touch.  In fact the more the air circulates within the tanning bed, the better chances of having a positive result.

8. I have reached a point that I just can't get any darker. What can I do?
    Your skin actually becomes thicker as your tanning progresses and makes it difficult for UV light to penetrate the upper layers of skin. This is commonly
    referred to as a tanning "Plateau". Moisturizer is extremely important at this point. Your skin cells are standing up as much as 45°, and are actually reflecting
    UV rays. Using a lot of moisturizing lotion will help these cells lay down and become more translucent, therefore more receptive to UV rays. Our
    recommendation is to use a good step 1 (or non tingle) tanning lotion for 2 to 3 tans to get your skin softened up then start a rotation with a step 2 (or a hot
    action, does not have to be a tingle) tanning lotion. Rotate your tans, two tanning sessions with the step 1 tanning lotions then, one tanning session with the
    step 2 tanning lotion. Keep this rotation up and use plenty of moisturizer, you will get over your tanning Plateau.

9. My face and legs don't tan very well. What should I do?
    Our face is the only part of our body that does not produce it's own moisture. Our legs become a little dryer because of clothing, hosiery etc.  Fact is that
    moist skin tans much better that dry skin. Use a moisturizer at least twice daily. This is not only applicable to the face and legs but all parts of your body.  Also
    there are the hair follicles that can impede the tanning process, ladies shaving that causes exfoliation and can reduce the longevity of your tan.  There are
    tanning lotions specifically targeted to the face or the legs that will help encourage a better tan in those areas.  Also, if you prefer not to tan your face, but
    would like a little color to go with the rest of you, there are lotions that are specific for the face with a slight tint to them that can give you that beautiful glow.

10. If a person cannot tan in the sun, will he/she tan indoors?
    Normally, a person tans indoors only as well as he/she is able to tan outdoors. Yet, those fair-skinned people who generally cannot tolerate the uncontrolled
    rays of the sun often achieve some color when tanning indoors. This can be attributed to a different spectral output as well as carefully timed sessions in a
    controlled tanning environment. Skin type, heredity, and individual photo-sensitivity all determine who will have success tanning indoors.

11. Is indoor tanning the same as tanning outdoors in the sun?
    Yes and no. The process of tanning is the same-skin is tanning by ultraviolet (UV) light. The main difference, however, is that a person can not control the
    amount of UV light they are exposed to while outside due to changes in the earth’s atmosphere. Despite what some people may think, tanning beds filter the
    harmful UVC light out to protect you.  This is the most harmful type of U.

12. Do I really need to wear goggles while tanning?
    ABSOLUTELY! It is of utmost importance! Your skin can tan-your eyes can't. Federal law requires all tanning salons to supply customers with proper eye
    protection. This eye wear must meet federal government standards by blocking 99% of UVA and UVB rays. Closing the eyelids, wearing sunglasses, or using
    cotton balls, t-shirts or a towel over your eyes is not adequate protection as the UV rays will easily penetrate these things and continue into the eyes.  The
    skin of the eyelid is the thinnest skin on your body and therefore is no protection whatsoever.  When in our salon, check out our "Why protect your eyes?"
    booklet and take the quiz.  You will find ample information and good reasons to protect your eyes.  Our salon REQUIRES eye protection during tanning, it is
    imperative for your safety.  UV damage to the eyes can cause loss of color vision and night vision and once you lose it, you can never get it back.

13. How do I prevent "raccoon eyes"?
    Adjust your eye wear once in a while during your tanning session will help reduce the demarcation of tanned to non-tanned skin. You can make this
    adjustment by gently sliding your eye wear to a new position.  You should never lift the eye wear off of your eyes during adjustment.  And you should make
    sure that the new position covers the eyeball completely.

14. Can I tan if I am pregnant?
    Please consult your physician. Although we know that there is no danger from UV rays since they cannot penetrate deeper than the dermis (skin layer),
    pregnant women are advised to be cautious with saunas, hot tubs, and other things that can cause excessive heat to build up in the uterus.  Our salon
    prefers ladies who are pregnant do not tan.

15. Why do some people itch after tanning?
    Itching and/or rashes may be linked to several unrelated causes. Some people are naturally photosensitive; that is, they may have an allergy, which becomes
    symptomatic upon exposure to UV light. Others are susceptible to heat rashes, a cause totally unrelated to UV light. Certain chemicals or ingredients found in
    cosmetics, lotions, shampoos, and even the acrylic cleaner used on the beds may cause itching as well. Rashes caused by these products generally occur in
    localized areas on which the products were applied. You should tan with the skin as clean as possible. If discontinued use of a suspected product does not
    inhibit rash, you should discontinue your exposure to UV light until the condition subsides or see a physician.

16. What causes White Spots?
    There are several reasons why white spots become noticeable on the body once the tanning process begins: Patches of skin, which do not tan, could be the
    result of genetic determination. White spots could also appear due to the presence of a fungus, which lives on the skin's surface. While the fungus is
    harmless, it does absorb UV light, which would normally penetrate the skin. This fungus did not appear as a result of tanning; it merely becomes noticeable
    once tanning occurs. It can be remedied through the use of prescription drugs or topical lotions. White patches of skin, which are often prominent on the
    shoulder blades and just above the buttocks, can be caused by pressure from the body as it reclines on a hard tanning bed surface. This pressure inhibits
    the flow of blood through that area of skin. Since blood carries oxygen, which is essential to the tanning process, this area does not tan.  There are many
    things that can be done to help alleviate these marks. In this salon, we have the choice of using the Sun Capsule, which is a stand up machine, you can try a
    5 minute hydro massage session to help increase the blood flow and circulation in those areas prior to tanning and is only a $3.00 charge, and/or you can try
    using a different-maybe stronger-tanning lotion to increase the absorption of the UV light.  These methods can work to help alleviate "pressure point white
    spots".  Certain medications can react unfavorably with exposure to UV light, please check with your pharmacist.  We have a list in our waiting room that can
    also be checked or you can check your prescription bottle for a warning sticker telling you to be careful or to avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight.  
    Remember, in the tanning bed (even though it is only 10, 12, or 15 minutes) because it is "concentrated exposure" it is the same thing as "prolonged
    exposure".

17. Should I shower after a tanning session?
    Taking a shower after tanning will not wash your tan away. A natural tan takes 24-48 hours to develop. The tanning process occurs within the epidermis when
    melanocyte cells are stimulated by ultraviolet light that causes them to produce the pigment melanin. Melanin production results in the tanned appearance of
    the skin and is the skin's natural defense against the sun and over-exposure, i.e. sunburning. Melanin travels to the surface, where it eventually flakes off.
    This process allows us to develop new skin every four to eight weeks. Keeping your skin hydrated and exfoliated will help maintain a more radiant and healthy-
    looking tan.

18. Should I shower before a tanning session?
    A shower is not recommended 1 hour before an indoor tanning session but you should remove any makeup or perfume before the session. Some ingredients
    in makeup and perfume can make skin more sensitive to UV light and lead to overexposure or sunburn.  And some lotions, face creams and makeup has UV
    protection in it and could keep your face from developing that golden glow you are trying to achieve.  Our salon tries to keep the Australian Gold "Face Mate"
    towelettes available for purchase to help clean off your make up and prepare your face for the tanning process.

19. What causes the scent that I smell after tanning?
    In a word, “melanin” is the cause. Ultraviolet light in the UVA range causes melanin to enlarge and turn brown. During the process, dermatologists say a
    chemical reaction takes place. A natural side effect of the reaction is the aroma. This occurrence is normal whether you've been tanning inside or outside.
    Some tanning lotions have been designed to minimize or prevent the odor from occurring, but ultimately a shower will remove the odor.

20. What should I wear to tan?
    That’s up to you! Undress and tan as you wish in swim wear, underwear, etc.

21. Are there certain medications that will make me sensitive to UV exposure?
    Yes, you should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you have a question on any of the medications that you are currently taking.  We have a list of some
    medications that are UV sensitive and you can also check your prescription bottle for a warning sticker about prolonged exposure to sun.  Remember, the
    time in the tanning bed (though only 10, 12, or 15 minutes) is "concentrated exposure" therefore it is the same as "prolonged exposure".  

22. How do I protect a fresh tattoo?
    It is important not to expose a fresh tattoo to sunlight or indoor tanning equipment, while the tattoo is still healing, since chemicals sensitive to UV exposure
    have been injected into the skin. Cover the tattooed area completely or don’t tan until the skin has healed. After the skin has healed the chemicals have lost
    their sensitivity to UV, but continue to take moderate protective measures. Tattoos will continue to lose their brilliancy with exposure to UV light, whether it
    comes from indoors or from outdoors.  Our salon carries the Miami Ink Tattoo Shield stick for protection and it can be used in the salon or when you know you
    will have prolonged exposure outdoors.
             
23. Do I have to take my contact lenses out when I use a tanning bed or booth?
    No, although you may want to. Although eye wear will protect your eyes and lenses from UV damage, the heat emitted from the tanning equipment may dry
    out the lenses and irritate your eyes.

Any further questions you might have, feel free to...1.  Call the salon...2.  Like us on Facebook at Lynda Touch of Summer and message us...3.  Or
you can email your questions to our email address at touchofsummertanning@yahoo.com

Thank you and we look forward to seeing you at the salon!  Have a great day!